The use of graphic organizers in teaching history to grade seven students in Bhutan


  • Pema Wangzom Rangsit University


graphic organizers, History, learning achievements, grade seven students


This mixed methods study was conducted to explore the use of graphic organizers in teaching History to grade seven students in Bhutan.  The two main purpose of the study were to compare the learning achievements and to investigate students’ opinion towards using graphic organizers in learning History. The research was conducted in one of the schools in Bhutan with 18 grade seven students over the period of four weeks. The quantitative data was collected through learning achievement tests (pretest and posttest) and survey questionnaires.  The qualitative data was collected from semi-structured interview. The analysis of the pretest and posttest scores through Wilcoxon signed rank test revealed 100% positive rank with mean rank of 9.50 and sig. value of 0.01.  The mean (x̅) score of posttest was 14.64, and pretest mean (x̅) score was 7.83, showing mean (x̅) difference of 6.81. This indicated that the use of graphic organizers improved the learning achievement of the students. Likewise, the data collected from survey questionnaire and interview showed that the students had positive opinions in using graphic organizers to learn History. Therefore, this study highly recommends using graphic organizers as one of the learning pedagogy to improve the academic performance of the students in History.


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