The use of Pictograph in Learning Chinese Characters of Grade Four Thai Students


  • Fanqi Sun for authors
  • Dr. Nipapon Chalermnirundorn


pictograph, Chinese character, learning achievement, satisfaction


This mixed-method study was to explore the application of pictograph in the teaching of Chinese characters in the grade four students in Thailand. The two main purposes of this study were to compare students' learning achievements and explore their satisfaction with learning Chinese characters with pictographs. The study was conducted at a private school in Ayutthaya, Thailand, and involved 22 grade, four students, for six weeks. Quantitative data was collected through achievement tests (pre-test and post-test). Qualitative data were collected from classroom observation and semi-structured interviews. The Wilcoxon sign rank test was used to analyze the scores before and after the analysis. 100% of the scores were positive rank, the positive average rank was 11.50, and the sign value was 0.000. The post-test mean score was 16.27 and the pre-test means the score was 7.14 with the mean difference was 9.13. This revealed that pictograph teaching improved students’ learning achievement. The data from classroom observation and interviews also showed that students were satisfied with learning Chinese characters using pictographs. Therefore, it is highly recommended to use pictographs in learning Chinese characters for effective learning achievement and satisfaction.


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