CEFR-Referenced Item Specification Analysis of TOEIC Incomplete Sentences Part on Intermediate Thai Learners
Keywords:CEFR, TOEICÂ®, Incomplete Sentences, Item specification
While there have been many studies the exploring reading section in TOEIC, there are a few studies examining item specification. The objective of this study is to analyze item specification of the part-5 test scores of 52 mostly intermediate learners taking intermediate TOEIC-formatted test. The analysis was conducted by identifying the item specification in each test item as well as its CEFR level in test items whose correct responses are low. The result shows that the CEFR levels of the test items can predict, to a large extent, each test takerâ€™s proficiency and the distribution of the test items with low-correct responses is in line with the CEFR levels of the test items and learnersâ€™ TOEIC scores. Test takers at the B1 level by and large cannot answer test items at the B2 or above level. The test takers at the B1 level may not necessarily answer all the B1 level questions should they be at B1 threshold. The item specification analysis also reveals that the most frequent type of errors found in the study is word choice and tense-aspect, respectively. Along with CEFR, other possible explanations for errors in each test item are proposed. Pedagogical implications are that instructors should focus on vocabulary learning in context, collocation and colligation, verb tense, respectively.
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