The Different Philosophies of Sufficiency Economy in Terms of Moderation, Reasonableness, Good Self-immunity, Knowledge, and Morals according to Personal Factors of the Population during Covid-19 Pandemic


  • Wanlee Putsom Faculty of Business Administration, Asia-Pacific International University, Thailand
  • Duangjai Wongkoey Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Asia-Pacific International University, Thailand


philosophy of sufficiency economy, reasonableness, good self-immunity, knowledge, COVID-19 virus


The objectives of this research are 1) to study the level of people's opinions on the philosophy of sufficiency economy on moderation, reasonableness, good self-immunity, knowledge, and morals; and 2) to compare the differences between the opinions about people's sufficiency economy philosophy on moderation, reasonableness, good self-immunity, knowledge, and morals. The sample was 491 general people. Data were collected by using a questionnaire. The statistics used were frequency, percentage, t-test, and One-way ANOVA Posthoc test by Scheffe method. The results showed that most of the respondents were female, aged 30 to 39 years, graduated with a bachelor's degree, were single, and had monthly income less than or equal to 20,000 baht. The analysis of the opinions about the philosophy of sufficiency economy classified by personal factors are as follows: the different genders have different philosophies of sufficiency economy in terms of moderation, reasonableness, and good self-immunity; the age difference was found to have different sufficiency economy philosophy on moderation and reasonableness; the different levels of education revealed that there were different sufficiency economy philosophies in terms of good immunity; the difference in marital status revealed that there were different sufficiency economy philosophies in terms of moderation, reasonableness, and good self-immunity; and difference in monthly income showed that there were different sufficiency economy philosophies in terms of moderation.


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