Comparison of Anxiety of Students Attending School and Students Attending Online Education in the Covid-19 Process in Turkey


  • Ä°brahim ÇANKAYA Department of Education Sciences, Faculty of Education, UÅŸak University, Turkey
  • Nevin Çankaya Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, UÅŸak University, Turkey


Comparative study, Covid-19 Pandemic, Anxiety, online education, Laboratory skills attitude


Aim of this study is to compare the laboratory anxiety levels and attitudes towards laboratory skills of students who participated in online education only and those who participated in online education and laboratory exercises in the Covid-19 pandemic. The study is in the quantitative research method. The second and third grade students attended the training directly and online but fourth grade students participated in the training only online in the pandemic period (total 250 students). The scales that 180 students answered without error were evaluated. It has been revealed that anxiety levels of the students who could not participate in the laboratory exercises in pandemic period were higher than the anxiety levels of the students who participated in the exercises. The laboratory skill attitude of the fourth grade students is more negative than the laboratory skill attitude of the second and third grade students. There is an inverse and significant relationship between students' laboratory skill attitudes and laboratory anxiety.


Akgün, Ş. (2001). Science teaching. Ankara: Pegem Publication.

Akgün, Ö.E. & Deryakulu, D. (2007). Corrective text and prediction-observation explanation the effect of strategies on students' cognitive dissonance levels and conceptual changes. Ankara University Journal of Education Faculty, 40(1), 17- 39. Retrieved from

Alkan, F. & Erdem, E. (2012). Attitude scale towards laboratory skills development work. Hacettepe Education Journal, (1), 22-31. Retrieved from

Anılan, B. Görgülü, A. &, Balbağ, M.Z. (2009). Chemistry teacher candidates lab concerns. Education Sciencies, 4(2), 575-594.

Arfiani, Y. (2017). The Comparison of predict-observe-explain (poe) learning model using experimental metods and demonstration methods in improving students understanding of physics concept in temperature and heat. Science Education Journal, 6(1), 1490-1495.

Aydoğdu, M., Doğru, M., Ünsal, Y., Meriç, G. & Uşak, M. (2004). Science laboratory applications. Ankara: Pegem Publication.

Aypay, A. (2020). Research Methods Design And Analysis. Ankara: Anı Publication.

AzizoÄŸlu, N. & Uzuntiryaki, E. (2006). Chemistry lab anxiety scale. Hacettepe Education Journal, 30(3), 55-62. Retrieved from

Bayram, N. (2020). SPSS amos applicaitons. Bursa: Ezgi Publication.

Borkovec, T.D, Robinson, E., Pruzinsky, T., & Depree, J.A. (1983). Preliminary exploration of worry: some characteristics and processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21(1), 9-16. Retrieved from

Camacho, F.J.B., Limon, O.M.R., & Pena, J.C.I. (2022). Depression, anxiety, and academic performance in covid‑19: a cross‑sectional study. BMC Psychiatry Journal, 22, 2-10. Retrieved from

Çakır, N.K., & Şenler, B. (2007). Science lesson of primary school 2nd grade students determining their attitudes towards. Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 5(4), 637-654.

Erökten, S. (2010). The Evaluation of chemistry laboratory experiences on science students' anxiety levels. Hacettepe Education Journal, 38, 107-114.

Gücüm, B. (1998). The Place of scientific process skills in science teaching and importance. Eskişehir: Anadolu University Publication.

Freud, S. (2020). The Restlessness of civilization. Ä°stanbul: Metis Publication.

Garcia-Gonzalez, J., Ruqiong, W., Alarcon-Rodriguez, R., & Requena-Mullor, M. (2021). Analysis of anxiety levels of nursing students because of e-learning during the covıd-19 pandemic. Healthcare Journal, 9, 252-272.

Islam, M.A., Barna, S.D., Raihan, H., Khan, M.N.A., & Hossain, M.T. (2020). Depression and anxiety among university students during the Covıd-19 pandemic in Bangladesh: A web-based cross-sectional survey. Plos One Journal, 15(8), 2-18. Retrieved from

Ä°ÅŸlek, M. (2016). A study about anxiety and pray on adolescent's in terms of different variables. Unpublished Master Thesis. Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan University Social Sciences Intitute. Retrieved from

Kalaycı, Ş. (2019). SPSS applied multivariate statistical techniques. İstanbul: Nadir Bookstore.

Kırmızıgül, H.G. (2020). The Covid-19 outbreak and the educational process it brings. Avrasya Social Research Journal, 7, 283-289. Retrieved from

Köknel, Ö. (2020). Personality. İstanbul: Nadir Bookstore. Kula, K.Ş., & Saraç, T. (2017). The Hopelessness levels of university students’ analysis: The case of Ahi Evran University. Eskişehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Sciences, 18(1), 1-16. Retrieved from

Kurbanoglu, N.I., & Akın, A. (2010). The Relationships between university students’ chemistry laboratory anxiety, attitudes, and self-efficacy beliefs. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 35(8), 48-59. Retrieved from

Tao, P.K., & Gunstone, R.F. (1999). The process of conceptual change in force and motion during computer-supported physics instruction. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36, 859-882.

Tan, M., & Temiz, B.K. (2003). The place of scientific process skills in science teaching and importance. Pamukkale University Journal of Education Faculty, 13(1), 89-101. Retrieved from

Tan, A.L. (2008). Tensions in the biology laboratory: what are they? International Journal of Science Education, 30(12), 1661-1676. Retrieved from

Oskay, Ö.Ö., Erdem, E., & Yılmaz, A. (2009). Chemistry laboratory applications a study on the effects of students' attitudes and achievements towards chemistry. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 8(27), 222-231. Retrieved from

Wang, C., Zhao, H., & Zhang, H. (2020). Chinese college students have higher anxiety in new semester of online learning during Covıd-19: A machine learning. approach. Journal Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 2-9. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.587413

YeÅŸilyurt, E. (2020). Curriculum development and evaluation in education. Ankara: Vizetek Publication.