Comparison of Anxiety of Students Attending School and Students Attending Online Education in the Covid-19 Process in Turkey
Keywords:Comparative study, Covid-19 Pandemic, Anxiety, online education, Laboratory skills attitude
Aim of this study is to compare the laboratory anxiety levels and attitudes towards laboratory skills of students who participated in online education only and those who participated in online education and laboratory exercises in the Covid-19 pandemic. The study is in the quantitative research method. The second and third grade students attended the training directly and online but fourth grade students participated in the training only online in the pandemic period (total 250 students). The scales that 180 students answered without error were evaluated. It has been revealed that anxiety levels of the students who could not participate in the laboratory exercises in pandemic period were higher than the anxiety levels of the students who participated in the exercises. The laboratory skill attitude of the fourth grade students is more negative than the laboratory skill attitude of the second and third grade students. There is an inverse and significant relationship between students' laboratory skill attitudes and laboratory anxiety.
AkgÃ¼n, Åž. (2001). Science teaching. Ankara: Pegem Publication.
AkgÃ¼n, Ã–.E. & Deryakulu, D. (2007). Corrective text and prediction-observation explanation the effect of strategies on students' cognitive dissonance levels and conceptual changes. Ankara University Journal of Education Faculty, 40(1), 17- 39. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/509079
Alkan, F. & Erdem, E. (2012). Attitude scale towards laboratory skills development work. Hacettepe Education Journal, (1), 22-31. Retrieved from http://www.efdergi.hacettepe.edu.tr/shw_artcl
AnÄ±lan, B. GÃ¶rgÃ¼lÃ¼, A. &, BalbaÄŸ, M.Z. (2009). Chemistry teacher candidates lab concerns. Education Sciencies, 4(2), 575-594.
Arfiani, Y. (2017). The Comparison of predict-observe-explain (poe) learning model using experimental metods and demonstration methods in improving students understanding of physics concept in temperature and heat. Science Education Journal, 6(1), 1490-1495.
AydoÄŸdu, M., DoÄŸru, M., Ãœnsal, Y., MeriÃ§, G. & UÅŸak, M. (2004). Science laboratory applications. Ankara: Pegem Publication.
Aypay, A. (2020). Research Methods Design And Analysis. Ankara: AnÄ± Publication.
AzizoÄŸlu, N. & Uzuntiryaki, E. (2006). Chemistry lab anxiety scale. Hacettepe Education Journal, 30(3), 55-62. Retrieved from https://search.trdizin.gov.tr/yayin/detay/83022/
Bayram, N. (2020). SPSS amos applicaitons. Bursa: Ezgi Publication.
Borkovec, T.D, Robinson, E., Pruzinsky, T., & Depree, J.A. (1983). Preliminary exploration of worry: some characteristics and processes. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 21(1), 9-16. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1016/0005-7967(83)90121-3
Camacho, F.J.B., Limon, O.M.R., & Pena, J.C.I. (2022). Depression, anxiety, and academic performance in covidâ€‘19: a crossâ€‘sectional study. BMC Psychiatry Journal, 22, 2-10. Retrieved from https://bmcpsychiatry.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12888-022-04062-3
Ã‡akÄ±r, N.K., & Åženler, B. (2007). Science lesson of primary school 2nd grade students determining their attitudes towards. Journal of Turkish Educational Sciences, 5(4), 637-654.
ErÃ¶kten, S. (2010). The Evaluation of chemistry laboratory experiences on science students' anxiety levels. Hacettepe Education Journal, 38, 107-114.
GÃ¼cÃ¼m, B. (1998). The Place of scientific process skills in science teaching and importance. EskiÅŸehir: Anadolu University Publication.
Freud, S. (2020). The Restlessness of civilization. Ä°stanbul: Metis Publication.
Garcia-Gonzalez, J., Ruqiong, W., Alarcon-Rodriguez, R., & Requena-Mullor, M. (2021). Analysis of anxiety levels of nursing students because of e-learning during the covÄ±d-19 pandemic. Healthcare Journal, 9, 252-272.
Islam, M.A., Barna, S.D., Raihan, H., Khan, M.N.A., & Hossain, M.T. (2020). Depression and anxiety among university students during the CovÄ±d-19 pandemic in Bangladesh: A web-based cross-sectional survey. Plos One Journal, 15(8), 2-18. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0238162
Ä°ÅŸlek, M. (2016). A study about anxiety and pray on adolescent's in terms of different variables. Unpublished Master Thesis. Recep Tayyip ErdoÄŸan University Social Sciences Intitute. Retrieved from https://tez.yok.gov.tr/UlusalTezMerkezi/tezSorguSonucYeni.jsp
KalaycÄ±, Åž. (2019). SPSS applied multivariate statistical techniques. Ä°stanbul: Nadir Bookstore.
KÄ±rmÄ±zÄ±gÃ¼l, H.G. (2020). The Covid-19 outbreak and the educational process it brings. Avrasya Social Research Journal, 7, 283-289. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/en/download/article-file/1128111
KÃ¶knel, Ã–. (2020). Personality. Ä°stanbul: Nadir Bookstore. Kula, K.Åž., & SaraÃ§, T. (2017). The Hopelessness levels of university studentsâ€™ analysis: The case of Ahi Evran University. EskiÅŸehir Osmangazi University Journal of Social Sciences, 18(1), 1-16. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/328056
Kurbanoglu, N.I., & AkÄ±n, A. (2010). The Relationships between university studentsâ€™ chemistry laboratory anxiety, attitudes, and self-efficacy beliefs. Australian Journal of Teacher Education, 35(8), 48-59. Retrieved from https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/EJ910419.pdf
Tao, P.K., & Gunstone, R.F. (1999). The process of conceptual change in force and motion during computer-supported physics instruction. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 36, 859-882.
Tan, M., & Temiz, B.K. (2003). The place of scientific process skills in science teaching and importance. Pamukkale University Journal of Education Faculty, 13(1), 89-101. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/114823
Tan, A.L. (2008). Tensions in the biology laboratory: what are they? International Journal of Science Education, 30(12), 1661-1676. Retrieved from https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09500690701564621
Oskay, Ã–.Ã–., Erdem, E., & YÄ±lmaz, A. (2009). Chemistry laboratory applications a study on the effects of students' attitudes and achievements towards chemistry. Electronic Journal of Social Sciences, 8(27), 222-231. Retrieved from https://dergipark.org.tr/tr/download/article-file/70089
Wang, C., Zhao, H., & Zhang, H. (2020). Chinese college students have higher anxiety in new semester of online learning during CovÄ±d-19: A machine learning. approach. Journal Frontiers in Psychology, 11, 2-9. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2020.587413
YeÅŸilyurt, E. (2020). Curriculum development and evaluation in education. Ankara: Vizetek Publication.