Exploring Gender in the Selected Short Stories of Rabindranath Tagore
Keywords:short story, woman, explore, gender, emancipated woman, Rabindranath Tagore
Human societies, since the time immemorial, have always tended to assign different roles, codes of behavior and morality, and even different feelings and thoughts to men and women based on the biological distinction of sex (between male and female) thereby leading to the construction of the social distinction of gender (between masculine and feminine). As a literary genre, short story developed in the 19th century and by the end of 20thcentury occupied the role as one of the major literary forms. In the field of academia and literary circles, Rabindranath Tagore is mainly known as a bard, thinker, philosopher, painter and social activist but few know the first Asian Nobel laureate Tagore as a feminist, with gender issues forming the underlying theme in many of his works. Rabindranath Tagore is one of those pioneer short story writers whose writings reflect maturity. He is regarded as one of the progressive modern Indian short story writers. Tagore has been very successful in depicting woman psychology in his short stories and has made very scathing comments against gender suppression. The focus of this paper will be on the female protagonist of the short stories titled, â€œA Wifeâ€™s letterâ€ and â€œMusolmanir Galpoâ€ or â€œThe story of a Muslim Woman,â€ by Tagore that how they remained unperturbed although the society in which they lived were dominated by male patriarchal norms and in what ways they have been successful in protecting their rights thereby becoming the champions for women mainly through their progressive thought, courage, and determination.
Banerjee, S. (2016).Inter-caste and Class Conflicts in Kartar Singh Duggalâ€™s Selected Short Stories. The Criterion: An International Journal in English, 7(2), 109-113. Retrieved from: http://www.the-criterion.com/V7/n2/018.pdf
Banerjee, S. (2017).Emancipated Women in Rabindranath Tagoreâ€™s Selected Short Stories. The Criterion: An International Journal in English, 8(1), 271-279. Retrieved from: http://www.the-criterion.com/V8/n1/039.pdf
Bates, H.E. (1988).The Modern Short Story From 1809 to 1953, London: Robert Hale.
Cixous, H. (1987). The Newly Born Women. Manchester: Manchester University Press.
Matthews, B. (1901). The Philosophy of the Short Story. New York and London: Longmans, Green and Co.
Rao, M. R. (1967). The Short Story in Modern Indian Literature. Fiction and the Reading Public in India. Mysore: Mysore University Press.
Ray, M. K. (2004). Studies on Rabindranath Tagore. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors.
Reid, I. (1977). The Critical Idioms: The short story. London: Methuen & Co. Ltd.
Sen, N. (2016). Women and Gender in Short Stories by Rabindranath Tagore An Anthropological Introspection on Kinship and Family. Anthropological Journal of European Cultures, 25(2), 94-115.
Tagore, R. (2000). Rabindranath Tagore The Postmaster: Selected Stories. Trans. William Radice. New Delhi: Penguin Books.
Tagore, R. (2008). Galpaguccha (Collected Short Stories). Kolkata: Visva-Bharati.
Tagore, R. (n.d.) The Story of a Muslim Woman. Ritupatra, Barsha issue, 1955.Trans. Swapan Kumar Banerjee. Retrieved from: https://www.parabaas.com/rabindranath/articles/gSwapan_musolmani.html
Tandon, N. (2008). Feminism A Paradigm Shift. New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors.