The Use of Mind Mapping Technique to Enhance Writing Skills of Grade Four Bhutanese Students


  • Kinley Wangmo M.Ed. Program Student, Suryadhep Teachers College, Rangsit University, Thailand.
  • Nipaporn Chalermnirundorn Lecturer, Suryadhep Teachers College, Rangsit University, Thailand.


mind mapping technique, descriptive writing, students’ learning achievement, students’ learning satisfaction


This study adopted mixed-methods to explore the effectiveness of mind mapping technique in enhancing grade four Bhutanese students’ writing skills. It was carried out in one of the primary schools in central Bhutan with one target group, comprising 18 grade four students.  Quantitative data gathered using pretest and posttest achievement tests were analyzed using descriptive statistical analysis. Content analysis was conducted to analyze the qualitative data gathered through students’ learning behavior observation and focus group discussion. The mean scores of the pretest and posttest were 11.56  and 15.86 respectively. The mean score of the posttest was statistically higher than the mean score of the pretest indicating the significant improvement in descriptive writing skills after the intervention of the mind mapping technique. This study also revealed the positive impact of the mind mapping technique in improving students’ writing confidence. This study recommends the integration of the mind mapping technique in Bhutanese English curriculum to promote writing competency.


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