Preservice Teachers’ Views on Summative and Formative Assessments in the Czech Context
Keywords:Assessment; School Assessment; Summative Assessment; Formative Assessment; Teacher Training; Preservice Teacher
Assessment is an integral part of every educational process. The summative assessment focuses more on the current performance of students, on a summary of previous results. The formative assessment is more continuous, providing feedback on the progress made by the pupils. The paper aims to find out how preservice teachers perceive to study the field of teaching for younger primary school level of quantitative form of assessment, on the example of summative and formative assessment, and it focuses on how both these models, one traditional and the other innovative, are perceived by students in the field of young primary school teaching, i.e. preservice teachers. 129 preservice teachers participated in the study in Czech Republic. The target group was deliberately chosen because preservice teachers do not receive much attention in this area so far. A quantitative and qualitative approach was chosen to describe the current situation, and a questionnaire of our design was used as a research tool. Results show, that as the most suitable option, respondents choose a combination of quantitative and qualitative assessment, which can cover both of the above aspects. The fact that preservice teachers are aware of the strengths and weaknesses of both assessment types and consider this fact when applying them in pedagogical practice can be described as positive.
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